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Startseite Urgent Actions 2023 07 Human rights defender detained for protesting Human rights defender criminalised for protesting
FI 074/23-1
Aktiv seit 29. August 2023 | Noch 8 Tage Laufzeit

Human rights defender criminalised for protesting

AI-Index: AMR 13/7148/2023

Alberto Nallar, a human rights lawyer who took an active role during the protests in Jujuy Province that began on June 15, was released on August 18th, after spending more than one month under house arrest. He is still being charged with the crime of sedition.


On June 16, 2023, the Constituent Convention of the Province of Jujuy, Argentina, carried out a constitutional reform without participation or publicity, and that could threaten the collective rights and the cosmovision of the Indigenous Peoples.

As a result of the protests that followed the approval of the partial reform of the Provincial Constitution, violent police repression took place in the province of Jujuy, with serious irregularities and episodes of excessive use of force by state agents. The response of the security forces of the province of Jujuy to the demonstrations generated significant violations of the rights to life and personal integrity, recognized and protected by local and international law.

Protests by communities, social and human rights organizations continue in the Province of Jujuy, as the Constituent Convention has not reversed the recent constitutional reform. Between July 12 and 13, arrest warrants and arbitrary raids were issued and began to be executed against teachers, university students and human rights defenders. Since the protests began, at least 130 people and human rights defenders have been arrested.

Alberto Nallar is a lawyer and human rights defender; he unfailingly supported the popular mobilization against constitutional reform and provided support and legal assistance to people detained during the mobilizations and their families. The crime of sedition of which he is accused is a criminal provision frequently used in the country to criminalize people who exercise the right to social protest, along with obstructing public roads, incitement to commit crimes or resisting authority, among other actions.


Take action

  • Write an appeal in your own words or use the model letter below.

  • Take action on Social media: Infos see the yellow field on the right.

  • Please take action before 6 October 2023.

  • Preferred language: Spanish. You can also write in your own language.

Model letter

Model letter in Spanish open here / Aqui modelo de carta en español

Señor Fiscal General:
Me dirijo a usted para expresarle mi honda preocupación por la continuada criminalización del abogado de derechos humanos Alberto Nallar. Aunque ha sido puesto en libertad, los cargos contra él por protestar siguen investigándose. Pese a su liberación, aún se enfrenta a cargos penales por participar pacíficamente en una protesta.
Como usted sabe, en la provincia de Jujuy, entre el 11 y el 13 de julio, se llevaron a cabo al menos 40 detenciones y registros en domicilios particulares en Humahuaca y San Salvador. Entre las personas detenidas había docentes, estudiantes de universidad y defensores y defensoras de los derechos humanos que habían participado en las movilizaciones sociales derivadas de la reciente reforma constitucional en la provincia.
En este contexto, Alberto Nallar fue detenido el 13 de julio de 2023, y permaneció 37 días bajo arresto domiciliario. Aún sigue acusado de sedición por su apoyo a quienes se manifestaron contra la reforma constitucional y por su participación en las protestas. Además, Amnistía Internacional ha recibido informes sobre órdenes de detención dictadas contra al menos otros siete abogados que presuntamente habían apoyado a quienes se manifestaban.
Habida cuenta de la obligación internacional contraída por el Estado argentino de respetar, proteger y garantizar la libertad de expresión y manifestación de todas las personas, le pido que retire los cargos contra Alberto Nallar que podrían implicar una restricción directa del derecho a la protesta social.
Un cordial saludo,

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Dear Mr. Attorney General,

I am writing to express my deep concern about the continued criminalization of the human rights lawyer Alberto Nallar. Although he was released, the charges against him for protesting remain under investigation. Although he was released, he still faces criminal charges for pacifically participating in a protest.

As you know, in the Province of Jujuy, between July 11 and 13, at least 40 arrests and raids were carried out in private homes in Humahuaca and San Salvador. Among those detained were teachers, university students and human rights defenders who participated in the social mobilizations resulting from the recent constitutional reform in the province.

In this context, Alberto Nallar was arrested on July 13, 2023, and remained under house arrest for 37 days. He is still being charged with sedition for his support of the demonstrators against the constitutional reform and his participation in the protests. In addition, Amnesty International has received reports of arrest warrants against at least seven other lawyers who allegedly supported the protesters.

Given the international obligations of the Argentine State to respect, protect and guarantee the freedom of expression and demonstration of all persons, I request that you drop the charges against Alberto Nallar that could imply a direct restriction on the right to social protest.

Best regards to you,


Appeals to

To the General Prosecutor of the Public Prosecutor's Office of the Province of Jujuy
Dr. Sergio Lello Sánchez

→ Best way t reach the target


Copies to

Botschaft der Republik Argentinien
Jungfraustrasse 1
3005 Bern

Fax: 031 356 43 40



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Letter delivery to other countries - General info:
It is possible to send PRIORITY letters to almost all countries.
Please check
on the Website of the Swiss Post, whether letters are currently being delivered to the destination country.
If not, we ask you to use other communication channels (email, fax or social media, if available) for the delivery of your appeal and/or send it via the embassy with the request for forwarding to the named person.

Response on your appeal/letter

It might be that you will receive a reply to your appeal letter. You do not have to answer to it by yourself, but we would be grateful if you would send us this letter. Ideally scanned by e-mail to We forward the replies to the relevant research team (via Amnesty's International Secretariat). The colleagues analyze the content and decide on how to proceed, which may be reflected in a Further information.

Incidentally, we do not fear any consequences for UA activists in Switzerland. However, it makes sense to consider not to wrtite a letter if you intend to travel to the country (or have family there). This applies above all to «problematic» and repressive countries. (Russia, Turkey, China, ...)

Social media

You can use the following suggested copies for the social messages to targets:

Option 1:

"In the context of the arrests conducted in the Province of #Jujuy, the authorities must stop repressing and criminalizing protest. Protection now for free expression, demonstration and the defence of rights!"

Option 2.

"We demand the immediate drop of charges against human rights defender Alberto Nallar and the immediate cessation of arbitrary detentions in #Jujuy Province as well as an effective, impartial, independent investigation of this #libertadparaAlbertoNallar."

Option 3.

"Justice for #AlbertoNallar. Local authorities in #Jujuy Province must respect the human rights of all protesters and must be held accountable for their actions.

Option 4.

"The right to protest is part of international human rights treaties and the State's obligation to guarantee it. We call on the authorities of #Jujuy to immediately cease repression and criminalization of protest."

Option 5.

“Criminalization of the protest can only cease when State drop charges against Alberto Nallar and all defenders. We demand the authorities in #Jujuy attend to their human rights and international obligations to freedom of expression!”

Protect the Protest

Mit der Kampagne «Protect the Protest!» richtet sich Amnesty International gegen Angriffe auf friedliche Proteste, solidarisiert sich mit den Betroffenen und unterstützt die Anliegen sozialer Bewegungen, die sich für die Menschenrechte einsetzen.

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La campagne Protect the Protest d’Amnesty International a pour objectifs de dénoncer les attaques contre les manifestations pacifiques, de défendre les personnes visées et de soutenir les causes portées par les mouvements sociaux en faveur de changements dans le domaine des droits humains.

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