Benutzerspezifische Werkzeuge
Amnesty Urgent Actions
Startseite Urgent Actions 2023 Two water defenders killed
UA 003/23
Aktiv seit 13. Januar 2023 | Noch 36 Tage Laufzeit

Two water defenders killed

AI-Index: AMR 37/6352/2023

Aly Magdaleno Domínguez Ramos and Jairo Bonilla Ayala, members of the popular resistance of Guapinol (department of Colón, northern Honduras) against an iron ore mine, were found death in the community of Guapinol on 7 January 2023. They were intercepted by armed assailants, shot and killed on the spot, according to their relatives. Aly is the brother of Reynaldo Domínguez, and both are among the 32 people criminalized by the mining company Inversiones Los Pinares and the State of Honduras for defending the Carlos Escaleras National Park. We demand the Honduran authorities to ensure a prompt, thorough and impartial investigations, and take immediate steps to fully provide appropriate protection.


Several communities, campesino groups, parishes and local organizations in the municipality of Tocoa (department of Colón), North of Honduras, led by the Municipal Committee for the Defence of Common and Public Assets (Comité Municipal por la Defensa de los Bienes Comunes y Públicos, CMDBCP) oppose the operating license issued to the mining company Inversiones Los Pinares in the Carlos Escalera National Park, formerly known as Montaña de Botaderos, since 2015.

On 1 August 2018, local residents set up the «Guapinol camp» to peacefully protest against the license and mining exploitation in the core zone of a protected area of the water sources on which they depend for their survival. They have filled several criminal complaints before local Courts, still pending. Members of the CMDBCP have faced at least two criminal proceedings since 2018 for defending the Guapinol and San Pedro Rivers of the impacts mining project. Aly and his brother Reynaldo Dominguez spent some time in prison in 2019 along with other Guapinol River defenders for these proceedings.

The same proceedings led to the unjust detention of eight defenders of the Guapinol river for more than two years solely for peacefully defending the right to clean water that provoked international outcry. After rigorous analysis, Amnesty International determined that the case file shows multiple flaws in the investigation and declared them prisoners of conscience. Since their release in February 2021, the CMBDCP has denounced attacks against their members, including stigmatization and surveillance. The Committee continues demanding the termination of the mining project.

Over the last five years Amnesty International has alerted on numerous death and other types of attacks against activists in Honduras, which is one of the deadliest countries in the world to be a human rights defender. Despite the seriousness of the attacks on these defenders, Honduras has not yet signed the Escazú Agreement, the first environmental human rights treaty in Latin America and the Caribbean, which obliges signatory states to protect environmental defenders and entered into force on 22 April 2021.

Take action

  • Write an appeal in your own words or use the model letter below.

  • Take action on Social media: Infos see the yellow field on the right

  • Please take action before 10 March 2023

  • Preferred language: Spanish. You can also write in your own language.

Model letter

Model letter in Spanish open here / Aqui modelo de carta en español

Señor Fiscal General:
Me dirijo a usted para expresarle mi preocupación por la muerte de los defensores de los derechos humanos Aly Magdaleno Domínguez Ramos y Jairo Bonilla Ayala, ocurrida en la comunidad de Guapinol, municipio de Tocoa, departamento de Colón, en Honduras, el 7 de enero de 2023, así como por la seguridad de sus familiares, la comunidad de Guapinol y el Comité Municipal de Defensa de los Bienes Comunes y Públicos (CMDBCP).
Según información del CMDBCP, Aly Domínguez y Jairo Bonilla fueron abatidos a tiros el 7 de enero de 2023, cuando regresaban del trabajo a casa en un ciclomotor. La población de Guapinol y otras comunidades de Tocoa han sufrido continuos ataques a causa de su impugnación pacífica de la legalidad de un proyecto minero en el Parque Nacional Carlos Escaleras; esos ataques han incluido la detención injusta de ocho defensores del río Guapinol, conocidos como los “ocho de Guapinol”, que obtuvieron notoriedad y atención globales.
Las autoridades responsables de la investigación deben respetar el derecho de las familias de los defensores de los derechos humanos a la justicia, la verdad y la reparación. Según las normas internacionales de derechos humanos, las autoridades deben considerar el trabajo de derechos humanos de las víctimas como hipótesis para estos crímenes.
Por tanto, le insto a llevar a cabo urgentemente una investigación inmediata, independiente, exhaustiva e imparcial para identificar a todos los responsables de los asesinatos de Aly Domínguez y Jairo Bonilla.

- - -

Dear Attorney General,

I am writing to express my concern about the death of human rights defenders Aly Magdaleno Domínguez Ramos and Jairo Bonilla Ayala, in the community of Guapinol, municipality of Tocoa, department of Colón, in Honduras, on 7 January 2023, as well as the security situation of their relatives, the community of Guapinol and the Municipal Committee for the Defence of Common and Public Assets (CMDBCP).

The CMDBCP reported that Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla were shot at on January 7, 2023, as they were returning home on a moped, after coming home from work. The people of Guapinol and other communities of Tocoa have faced continued attacks because they peacefully challenge the legality of a mining project in the Carlos Escaleras National Park, including the unjust detention of eight defenders of the Guapinol river, known as the «Guapinol eight», that gained global notoriety and attention.

The authorities responsible for the investigation must respect the right of the human rights defender's families to justice, truth and reparation. According to international human rights standards, authorities must consider the victim’s human rights work as a hypothesis for these crimes.

Therefore, I urge you to urgently to conduct a prompt, independent, impartial and exhaustive investigation to identify all responsible for the murders of Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla.

Yours sincerely,


Appeals to

Mr. Oscar Fernando Chinchilla (Sr. Óscar Fernando Chinchilla)
Attorney General (Fiscal General)
(Posta Edificio Lomas Plaza II,
Col. Lomas del Guijarro,

Email: ;
Twitter: @MP_Honduras / @ofchb
We encourage you to send e-mails and to use the provided Twitter handles


Copies to

Nathalie Roque
Minister for Human Rights (Secretaria de Derechos Humanos)

Ministry of Human Rights (Secretaría de Derechos Humanos)
Edificio Le Sage, Colonia Florencia Oeste, Boulevard Suyapa frente a Lama Motors / Volvo. Tegucigalpa M.D.C

Email: (assistant)
Twitter: @sedhHonduras, @RoqueNatalie

Ambassade de la République du Honduras
Avenue de France 23
1202 Genève

Fax: 022 / 710 07 66



- - -

Letter delivery to other countries - General info:
It is possible to send PRIORITY letters to almost all countries.
Please check
on the Website of the Swiss Post, whether letters are currently being delivered to the destination country.
If not, we ask you to use other communication channels (email, fax or social media, if available) for the delivery of your appeal and/or send it via the embassy with the request for forwarding to the named person.

Response on your appeal/letter

It might be that you will receive a reply to your appeal letter. You do not have to answer to it by yourself, but we would be grateful if you would send us this letter. Ideally scanned by e-mail to We forward the replies to the relevant research team (via Amnesty's International Secretariat). The colleagues analyze the content and decide on how to proceed, which may be reflected in a Further information.

Incidentally, we do not fear any consequences for UA activists in Switzerland. However, it makes sense to consider not to wrtite a letter if you intend to travel to the country (or have family there). This applies above all to «problematic» and repressive countries. (Russia, Turkey, China, ...)

Social media


.@MP_Honduras @sedhHonduras must ensure an independent, effective and impartial investigation into the killings of Aly Domínguez and Jairo Bonilla, defenders of the #Guapinol river in #Honduras, and effective protection measures for the communities and their families.


.@MP_Honduras @sedhHonduras deben garantizar una investigación independiente, efectiva e imparcial sobre los asesinatos de Aly Domínguez y Jairo Bonilla, defensores del río #Guapinol en #Honduras, y medidas efectivas de protección para las comunidades y sus familias.

9 Briefe verschickt  
My Urgent Actions
Fürs Mitzählen lassen Ihres Briefes und Update-Funktion zu nutzen müssen Sie sich
einloggen oder
UA 003/23 english
Microsoft Word Document, 41.4 kB
UA 003/23 deutsch
Microsoft Word Document, 42.1 kB
UA 003/23 français
Microsoft Word Document, 41.8 kB
Mehr zum Thema


Grundlegende Infos über die Menschenrechte und die verschiedenen internationalen Abkommen. Mehr