Benutzerspezifische Werkzeuge
Amnesty Urgent Actions
Startseite Urgent Actions 2022 05 Venezuelan photographer arbitrarily detained
UA 045/22
Aktiv seit 20. Mai 2022 | Noch 14 Tage Laufzeit

Venezuelan photographer arbitrarily detained

AI-Index: AMR 53/5643/2022

Carlos Debiais, a Venezuelan photographer, was detained on 12 November 2021 and has been arbitrarily held in Caracas since 12 April 2022, when a release warrant was issued in his name. Carlos Debiais was filming in Falcón state when he was questioned by security personnel of the state-owned oil company PDVSA and later detained by officers of the Directorate General of Military Counterintelligence (DGCIM). His fate and whereabouts were unknown on several occasions during his detention. Prison authorities reportedly claim the release warrant cannot be executed on orders of the Minister for Penitentiary Affairs. We call for his release.


Carlos Debiais is a Venezuelan photographer based in Bogota. He returned to Venezuela temporarily to renew his passport, arriving in his home state of Falcón on 8 November 2021. On 12 November, whilst filming using his drone in Amuay Bay, next to the Amuay oil refinery managed by the state-owned oil company PDVSA, he was questioned by security personnel of PDVSA, later joined by officials of the National Guard. Shortly afterwards, officials of the Directorate General for Military Counterintelligence (DGCIM) showed up and searched his car and belongings, finding his filming equipment, including a drone, as well as American dollars and some marihuana for personal use. At that point, he was taken to DCGIM offices within the Amuay refinery where he was further questioned.

Carlos Debiais’ fate and whereabouts where unknown from 12-15 November, when it was made known to his family that he was in the DGCIM headquarters in Boleíta Norte, Caracas, roughly 558km from where he was detained. On that day, he was taken before the Court on Terrorism and accused of «terrorism», association to commit crimes, violation of the regime of the nation, and drug use. The prosecution did not submit any evidence in the 45-day period allowed by law to do so, nor in the 15-day extension. During the preliminary hearing held on 10 February 2022, three months after his detention, he was formally charged with violation of the regime of the nation and drug use. Despite only finding images of the Bay, and none of the refinery or other criminal content, Carlos was found guilty and sentenced to 4.5 years, being allowed to serve the sentence on parole and registering before the court every two months.

In the meantime, according to his family, Carlos’ fate and whereabouts were once again unknown from 15 November-5 December, at which point he was allowed a phone call to his family. Again, from 5-15 December, he was not allowed any contact with his family or lawyers. On 23 March, he was transferred to the Rodeo II prison in Caracas, although his family was not notified of the transfer, where he has been held ever since.

On 12 April, the Tenth Court of Control of Sentencing Execution issued a release warrant for Carlos, together with a conditional suspension of his sentence for a three-year period. Prison authorities of Rodeo II reportedly claim this warrant cannot be executed until there is an express order to do so from the Minister for Penitentiary Affairs, Ms Mirelys Contreras.

This arbitrary detention is being perpetrated in a context of massive human rights violations in Venezuela. Nicolás Maduro’s government has implemented a policy of repression amidst a humanitarian complex crisis and a deep human rights crisis that has forced over 6.1 million Venezuelans to flee in search of safety. The justice system lacks independence and according to the UN independent international Fact-Finding Mission on Venezuela, it has been used by authorities to enable and commit human rights violations and crimes under international law, some of which may amount to crimes against humanity.

Take action

  • Write an appeal in your own words or use the model letter below.

  • Take action on Social media: Infos see the yellow field on the right.

  • Please take action before 14 July 2022.

  • Preferred language: Spanish. You can also write in your own language.

Model letter

→ Model letter in spanish see below / Modelo de carta en español véase abajo

Dear Attorney General Tarek William Saab,

I write to you regarding the arbitrary detention of Carlos Debiais, a Venezuelan photographer currently being unjustly held in Rodeo II prison despite holding a release warrant in his name since 12 April 2022.

It is deeply concerning that reports indicate that penitentiary authorities refuse to execute said release warrant on orders of the Minister for Penitentiary Affairs, despite being known that a court order cannot be ignored or blocked by the Executive branch.

Moreover, Carlos Debiais has been held in appalling conditions with no access to natural sunlight, limited and insufficient food, and monitored communications with his family and lawyers, all of which violate international human rights standards. It’s also alarming that his fate and whereabouts have been unknown on several occasions.

We call on you to ensure the immediate release of Carlos Debiais in compliance with his release warrant issued on 12 April and that his personal integrity is guaranteed while in custody of the state.

Yours sincerely,

Model letter in spanish open here / Aqui modelo de carta en español

Estimado Fiscal General Tarek William Saab,
Le escribo por motivo de la detención arbitraria de Carlos Debiais, fotógrafo venezolano que actualmente se encuentra detenido injustamente en la cárcel Rodeo II a pesar de tener una orden de libertad a su nombre desde el 12 de abril de 2022.
Es profundamente preocupante que supuestamente las autoridades penitenciarias se niegan a ejecutar dicha orden de libertad por órdenes de la Ministra del Servicio Penitenciario, a pesar de que una orden judicial no puede ser ignorada o bloqueada por el Poder Ejecutivo.
Además, Carlos Debiais ha estado recluido en pésimas condiciones sin acceso a luz solar natural, alimentación limitada e insuficiente y sus comunicaciones con su familia y abogados vigiladas, todo lo cual viola los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos. También es alarmante que su paradero haya sido desconocido en varias ocasiones.
Le hacemos un llamado para que garantice la liberación inmediata de Carlos Debiais en cumplimiento de su boleta de excarcelación emitida el 12 de abril y que se garantice su integridad personal mientras se encuentre bajo la custodia del Estado.


Appeals to

Attorney General
Tarek William Saab

Avda. México, Manduca a Pelelojo, Edif. Sede Fiscalía General de la República, La Candelaria, Caracas, Venezuela
→ Avoid sending letters to Venezuela

c/o Botschaft der Bolivarischen Republik Venezuela
Postfach 237
3097 Liebefeld

Twitter handle: @TarekWiliamSaab
→ The best way to reach the target is Twitter

With copy to (secondary target):

Minister for Penitentiary Affairs
Mirelys Contreras
Twitter: @mirelct

Copies to

Botschaft der Bolivarischen Republik Venezuela
Postfach 237
3097 Liebefeld

Fax: 031 371 64 69



→ Letter delivery to other countries - General info:
It is possible to send PRIORITY letters to almost all countries.
Please check
on the Website of the Swiss Post, whether letters are currently being delivered to the destination country.
If not, we ask you to use other communication channels (email, fax or social media, if available) for the delivery of your appeal and/or send it via the embassy with the request for forwarding to the named person.

Social media guide


@TarekWiliamSaab (Attorney General)
@mirelct (Minister Contreras)
@oveprisiones (NGO supporting the case)

Suggested messaging:

#URGENTE: Llamamos al Fiscal General de #Venezuela, @TarekWiliamSaab, a garantizar la libertad inmediata de #CarlosDebiais, con boleta de excarcelación desde el 12 de abril supuestamente denegada por la Ministra Mirelys Contreras @mirelct sin siquiera tener competencia para ello.

#Venezuela: Fiscal General @TarekWiliamSaab: hace más de un mes que #CarlosDebiais debía haber sido liberado por orden de un tribunal. Su libertad está supuesta y erróneamente negada por @mirelct. ¿Para qué sirve una boleta de excarcelación entonces?

#URGENT: We call on Venezuelan Attorney General @TarekWiliamSaab to ensure the immediate release of #CarlosDebiais. Carlos has a release warrant to his name since 12 April which is reportedly being denied by Minister for Penitentiary Affairs @mirelct, without powers to do so.

5 Briefe verschickt  
My Urgent Actions
Fürs Mitzählen lassen Ihres Briefes und Update-Funktion zu nutzen müssen Sie sich
einloggen oder
UA 045/22 english
Microsoft Word Document, 40.0 kB
UA 045/22 espagnol
Microsoft Word Document, 34.6 kB
UA 045/22 deutsch
Microsoft Word Document, 41.8 kB
UA 045/22 français
Microsoft Word Document, 40.9 kB