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UA 119/21
Aktiv seit 23. November 2021 | Noch 34 Tage Laufzeit

Refugee children at risk

AI-Index: AMR 46/5033/2021

Thousands of children and adolescents asylum seekers in Peru face increased risks because authorities are denying them humanitarian immigration status, a type of temporary legal residency which they are entitled to under the Peruvian law and that allows them to get an identification card. Without this, they cannot access basic rights, such as education and health. Call on the Peruvian State to grant children and adolescents asylum seekers with humanitarian immigration status with no further delay.


The Venezuelan refugee crisis currently unfolding in the Americas is the second largest in the world, and Peru tops the list of countries that host Venezuelans fleeing their homes in search of international protection.

According to UNHCR, at the end of 2020, Peru was hosting more than 500,000 asylum seekers on its territory. Obtaining documentation that allows them to access and effectively exercise their fundamental rights (such as the right to health, work and education) are among the main challenges they face.

In June 2021, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs established new guidelines for the granting and extension of the Humanitarian Immigration Statute (Ministerial Resolution No. 207-2021-RE), a figure that allows asylum seekers to regularize their stay in Peru and obtain the immigration card (document that identifies foreigners residing in Peru) while they await a final response to their refugee claim.

However, with the passage of time, some difficulties were identified within the process of evaluation and granting of the Humanitarian Migration status. The main one is not related to a procedural or informative issue; but it is, in reality, related to the arbitrary decision NOT TO CONSIDER children and adolescents as possible beneficiaries of the Humanitarian Migratory status. It should be noted that this migratory category is being granted to adults, who in many cases are also fathers and mothers, but the most vulnerable group of refugee applicants, which are children and adolescents, is being denied, it is necessary to emphasize that there is no legal limitation for the issuance of humanitarian immigration status.

According to civil society organizations, there is no impediment or justification in the current regulations so that children and adolescents cannot be beneficiaries of the Humanitarian Migration status.

Likewise, according to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics, INEI, around 59% of Venezuelans fled to Peru with their sons or daughters. Likewise, the group of boys, girls and adolescents represents 22.6% of the Venezuelan population in Peruvian territory. It is, therefore, a considerable population group, which due to its particular situation requires special attention. It is the duty of the authorities to ensure the protection of children and adolescents within their territory, paying special attention to the best interests of the child. To do this, they must take the necessary measures to satisfy their basic needs, as well as ensure access to and exercise of their fundamental rights; also allowing to facilitate the transition and integration processes typical of the migration process.

Take action

  • Write an appeal in your own words or use the model letter below.

  • Take action on Social media: Infos see the yellow field on the right.

  • Please take action before 3 January 2022.

  • Preferred language: Spanish. You can also write in your own language.

Model letter

Dear Minister Oscar Maúrtua De Romaña:

I am writing to express my concern about the situation of thousands of children and adolescents seeking asylum in Peru. According to the information received, while adults have been granted humanitarian immigration status (a type of temporary legal residency that gives people access to an immigration document during the asylum claim proceedings) in recent months, asylum seekers and refugee children and adolescents were denied this same right.

Civil society organizations have registered at least 20 cases of children and adolescents who were denied the aforementioned humanitarian immigration status, without there being any justification in the current regulations for such a decision. Despite several meetings between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and civil society organizations held in September and October of this year to deal with that serious and pressing issue, there is no institutional response from the Peruvian authorities.

The failure to consider children and adolescents for a migratory condition they are entitled to, and to deliver them immigration documentation is discriminatory and puts thousands of them at risk, as it prevents them from accessing basic human rights, such as access to health and education.

I urge the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru to adopt without further delay measures to broaden its criteria for issuing humanitarian immigration status to children and adolescents asylum seekers, in order to guarantee they can enjoy all their human rights without any discrimination.

Yours sincerely,


Model letter in Spanish

Señor Ministro Oscar Maúrtua De Romaña:
Me dirijo a usted para expresarle mi preocupación por la situación de miles de niños, niñas y adolescentes solicitantes de asilo en Perú. Según la información recibida, aunque en los últimos meses a las personas adultas se les ha concedido la Calidad Migratoria Humanitaria (un tipo de residencia legal temporal que otorga a la gente acceso a un documento de inmigración durante los procedimientos de solicitud de asilo), a los niños, niñas y adolescentes refugiados y solicitantes de asilo se les ha negado este mismo derecho.
Las organizaciones de la sociedad civil han registrado al menos 20 casos de niños, niñas y adolescentes a quienes se ha negado la mencionada Calidad Migratoria Humanitaria, sin que la normativa actual incluya justificación alguna para esa decisión. A pesar de que en septiembre y octubre de este año se celebraron varias reuniones entre el Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y organizaciones de la sociedad civil para tratar esta seria y acuciante cuestión, no ha habido ninguna respuesta institucional de las autoridades peruanas.
El hecho de no tener en cuenta a los niños, niñas y adolescentes para una condición migratoria a la que tienen derecho, y no entregarles documentos de inmigración, es discriminatorio y pone a miles de ellos en peligro, ya que les impide acceder a derechos humanos fundamentales, como la salud y la educación.
Insto al Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores de Perú a adoptar sin más demora medidas que amplíen su criterio para otorgar la Calidad Migratoria Humanitaria a niños, niñas y adolescentes solicitantes de asilo, con el fin de garantizar que pueden disfrutar de todos sus derechos humanos sin discriminación.



Appeals to

Oscar Maúrtua De Romaña
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Jr. Lampa 545
Cercado de Lima, Lima

Twitter: @MaurtuaDe


Copies to

Ambassade du Pérou
Thunstrasse 36
3005 Berne

Fax: 031 351 85 70


→ Letter delivery to other countries - General info:
It is possible to send PRIORITY letters to almost all countries.
Please check
on the Website of the Swiss Post, whether letters are currently being delivered to the destination country.
If not, we ask you to use other communication channels (email, fax or social media, if available) for the delivery of your appeal and/or send it via the embassy with the request for forwarding to the named person.

Social media guide


#Perú: #RefugeeChildhoodMatters ! Minister of Foreign Affairs @MaurtuaDe must recognize their rights and issue grant them documentation and protectiondocuments for them  without any discriminatio


#Perú: #LaNiñezRefugiadaImporta ! Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores @MaurtuaDe debe reconocer sus DDHH y otorgarles documentación y protección sin discriminación

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