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Startseite Urgent Actions 2020 10 Detained activist in critical condition
UA 153/20
Aktiv seit 8. Oktober 2020 | Noch 33 Tage Laufzeit
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08.10.2020: Twitter post

Please find a twitter post to be retweeted.

It would be great if you could retweet this post addressed to the Algerian authorities @TebbouneAmadjid to maximize visibility on Abdallah Benaoum’s case.

Detained activist in critical condition

AI-Index: MDE 28/3190/2020

Detained Algerian political activist Abdallah Benaoum’s life is at risk as he is in urgent need of heart surgery. Benaoum, 55, has been detained since 9 December 2019 for Facebook posts in which he criticised the contested 2019 Algerian elections and the repression of the Hirak pro-reform movement. He is currently detained in Oran prison. Due to his vulnerable health, he has not been physically capable of meeting his lawyers or family. The judges unjustly rejected multiple requests for provisional release filed by his lawyers despite his deteriorating health. His next trial session is scheduled for 27 October.


Abdallah Benaoum is a 55 years old political activist from Relizane, a town in the west of Algeria. He is among some 74 Algerians currently detained and facing charges for their role in the protest movement Hirak, which started in February 2019 to call for radical political change in Algeria but were suspended since March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. He was arrested on 9 December 2019, three days before the 2019 presidential elections, for Facebook posts that he published on his personal page criticizing the elections and the prosecution of peaceful Hirak activists. The prosecutor charged him with «insulting state institutions»; «undermining the integrity of the national territory»; «harming the national interest»; «undermining the moral of the army»; «attempting to pressure judges on pending cases» and «incitement to an unarmed gathering» under articles 146, 79, 97, 75, 147 and 100 of the penal code, respectively. None of these charges are legitimate offences under international human rights law since they impose undue restrictions to the right to freedom of expression.

In a letter that he sent out of prison through his lawyer recently, Benaoum describes his prison conditions and the inexplicable delay in medical treatment as follows:

«It is clear that this delay [of medical attention] … is a method of soft and slow execution and an attack on human and Islamic morals. As for the conditions of imprisonment, I am deprived of all my rights […] sleeping without blankets or pillow. I sleep on the bed and use my clothes as pillow. The institution argues that it can’t provide new mattresses because it does not have new ones. I am deprived of my right to read the newspapers, to know what is going on. I am suffering from a terrible isolation in the heart of Oran. Food is another calamity».

Abdallah Benaoum suffers from clogged arteries; a chronic arterial disease which creates cardiovascular problems. In 2018, he underwent a first surgery which required that Benaoum maintain a healthy lifestyle after the operation. However, his prison condition and a hunger strike that he led in 2018 to protest prison conditions led to a deterioration in his health conditions.

Benaoum spent 15 months in prison in a previous case and had only been free for six months before his arrest in December 2019. On 2 April 2018, he was sentenced to two years in prison for several charges related to his Facebook posts, criticizing in particular the policy of «national reconciliation» under article 46 of the Charter for Peace and National Reconciliation of 2006, which prohibits publications about the Algerian civil war of 1990. He was released on parole on 3 June 2019, following a request from his lawyers.

The case file in his current prosecution indicates that the police in Oued Rhiou, in Relizane province, searched his house and confiscated his telephone and laptop. They went through both and the prosecutor used videos and publications found on his personal Facebook account to charge him, together with Khaldi Ali, another activist from Relizane, with six charges under the penal code. The file refers to videos of Benaoum calling for the boycott of presidential elections, and publications in which he says «no to military elections», «Hirak students in all governorates are faced with the harshest repression» and criticizing the light sentencing of a police officer for the killing of a young man in Oued Rhiou, as evidence that he is inciting disobedience and undermining state security.

At least two activists died in prison after a hunger strike to protest their detention for exercising their right to freedom of expression. On 28 May 2019, Kamaleddine Fekhar, a pro Amazigh activist and former president of the Ghardaia section of the Algerian League for the defence of human rights (LADDH) died in the Blida hospital while detained after 50 days of a hunger strike, to protest his detention for Facebook posts critical of the authorities. In another case, British-Algerian freelance journalist Mohamed Tamalt, 41, died in custody on 11 December 2016, in a hospital in Algiers, following a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment.

Take action

  • Write an appeal in your own words or use the model letter below.
  • Please take action before 3 December 2020.
  • Preferred language: Arabic, French. You can also write in your own language.
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Model letter

Your Excellency,

On 27 September 2020, the lawyers of political activist Abdallah Benaoum made yet another request for his transfer to hospital, following the rapid deterioration of his health in prison, which puts his life at risk. They have not received an answer to date. Adballah Benaoum is suffering from clogged arteries and his lawyers submitted a first request for provisional release in April 2020, which was rejected. The judge justified the rejection by the serious nature of the «crimes» he is accused of, which refer only to Facebook posts critical of the authorities. His posts on Facebook did not include any incitement to violence and were therefore fully protected by his right to freedom of expression.

On 12 May, Benaoum’s cardiologist examined him and concluded that he is in urgent need of a second heart surgery. On 7 June, his lawyers submitted a request for him to be transferred to hospital to no avail. A few days later, the authorities transferred him from Belasal prison in Relizane to a small prison in Gdyel, a town in the governorate of Oran, 160 km from his place of residence, where there were no medical facilities available. The lawyers submitted another request on 21 June which led to another transfer to Oran prison where Benaoum remained until his trial on 16 July. He was yet again transferred back to Oran prison where he remains to date.

During the trial on 16 July, Benaoum was visibly ill. His lawyers asked for an adjournment, but the judge continued with normal trial procedures for an hour before having a doctor examine Benaoum and confirm that he was not fit to stand a trial. The hearing was suspended but the judge refused a request for provisional release and sent Benaoum back to jail. His lawyers filed another request for provisional release on 2 September, which was again denied.

I call on you to drop all charges against Abdallah Benaoum and ensure that he is immediately and unconditionally released as he is being detained solely for the exercise of his right to freedom of expression. In the meantime, he must be transferred without any further delay to a medical facility where he can receive the urgent medical treatment prescribed by his cardiologist. In the current context of COVID-19, his heart condition puts him at increased risk according to the World Health Organisation and the authorities must take all measures to protect his life.

Yours sincerely,

Appeals to

President of the Republic of Algeria Abdelmadjid Tebboune
Présidence de la république
Place Mohammed Seddik Benyahia
El Mouradia
Alger 16000

Fax:+213 02169 15 95
Email: (!!corrected!!)

Salutation: Your Excellency,



Copies to

Ambassade de la République algérienne démocratique et populaire
Willadingweg 74
3006 Berne

Fax: 031 350 10 59
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