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Startseite Urgent Actions 2020 05 Activists facing harassment and intimidation
UA 071/20
Aktiv seit 13. Mai 2020 | Noch 19 Tage Laufzeit

Activists facing harassment and intimidation

AI-Index: AFR 12/2302/2020

Members of the non-governmental organisation Mission of Beneficence Agriculture of Kubando, Inclusive Technologies and Environment (MBAKITA) are facing harassment and intimidation, including death threats and attacks, in Cuando Cubango province, Southern Angola, because of their work for the defence and promotion of the rights of people from ethnic minorities in Southern Angola.


The NGO MBAKITA has worked since 2002 to defend the rights of San people and traditional communities in the southern provinces of Angola. Since 2018, MBAKITA's members have been increasingly subjected to intimidation, harassment, torture, enforced disappearances and even killings in suspicious circumstances. Perpetrators of the attacks have continued to carry out these attacks with impunity. To this day, the authorities have failed to investigate the threats and attacks adequately, and no one has been held accountable.

On 16 April, Mr. Pascoal received an anonymous call with the message: «We know the vehicle that has been travelling to the communities, and we will cut your legs». That evening, the organisation’s car was vandalized, making it impossible for MBAKITA members to visit communities.

On 17 April, at about 1:30 am, three masked armed men broke into the home of Pascoal Baptistiny. They immobilised the two security guards at his residence, entered the house and took two computers, a video camera, memory cards and cell phones.

On the night of 23 April, unidentified men broke into the home of Mr. Pascoal, broke the house's external spotlights, immobilised the security guards, and stole one computer.

On the night of 12 May, two unidentified men attempted to break into Mr. Pascoal's home. The night before, two unknown men had also tried to break into his residence, the security guards were able to prevent the two men from getting inside. Mr. Pascoal called the police, who took two hours to arrive at his home.

We are concerned that that series of recent attacks against Mr. Pascoal and MBAKITA members may be connected to Amnesty International’s publication on 15 April about the police’s assault against nine MBAKITA members and their arbitrary detention on 2 April during a COVID-19 prevention campaign in Cuando Cubango.

These recent incidents are part of a repeated pattern of harassment and intimidation against MBAKITA members in Cuando Cubango province. The members of the organizations and their families have been targeted with death threats and physical attacks. Fearing for the families’ safety, MBAKITA has decided not to publicly denounce the attacks.

The catholic church has also been targeted with increasing harassment for their human rights work. On the night of 28 April, three unidentified men broke into Radio Eclésia, a Catholic Church radio station, and vandalized the broadcast equipment. Radio Eclésia was unable to broadcast independent news between 29 and 30 April.

On 11 April, national police officers arrested Father Júlio Alberto Carlos, a Menongue diocesan, without a warrant in his residence at the Centro Pastoral Cristo Rei, Menongue city. Father Júlio has been vocal for the respect and protection of San’s people rights. The Judge of the Menongue Court summarily condemned Father Júlio Alberto Carlos who was released after the payment of a penalty.


Take action

  • Write an appeal in your own words or use the model letter below.
  • Please take action before 24 June 2020.
  • Preferred language: Portuguese - English. You can also write in your own language.

ATTENTION! Due to the Corona crisis, worldwide mail delivery is currently restricted. As the delivery can change daily, please check on the Website of the Swiss post office whether letters are currently being delivered to the destination country. If not, we ask you to use other communication channels - email, fax or social media, if available - for the delivery of your appeal and/or send it via the embassy with the request for forwarding to the named person.

Model letter

Honourable Minister Francisco Manuel Monteiro de Queiroz,

I am concerned that members of the non-governmental organisation MBAKITA are being targeted with increasing acts of intimidation, death threats and attacks. I believe that these acts are being carried out with the aim of preventing members of MBAKITA from doing their work for the defence and promotion of the rights of people from ethnic minorities and denouncing corruption in the region.

Unidentified armed men broke into the house of Pascoal Baptistiny, executive director of MBAKITA, on 17 and 23 April, and 11, 12 and 13 May. The men entered into Pascoal Baptistiny’s home, tied the hands of the two security guards and took several items of electronic equipment, including three computers, a video camera, memory cards and cell phones. These are only the most recent incidents in a series of attacks that Pascoal Baptistiny and MBAKITA activists have been enduring over the years.

MBAKITA activists have also regularly received anonymous death threats and intimidating phone calls, with messages such as: «We know Mr. Pascoal... if you continue to report on San people’s issues, you and your family may disappear»; «The office will be raided and you won’t be able to do anything about it, so don’t waste your time reporting to the police»; «Stop this, or you will die and your family too»; «The indigenous community does not need any saviour». Fearing further reprisals, 17 MBAKITA activists stopped working for the organisation in April 2020. On 11 May, Pascoal Baptistiny received 15 intimidating anonymous calls.

MBAKITA has filed several complaints at Menongue police station regarding death threats, harassment and intimidating anonymous calls in 2018, 2019 and 2020. However, no measure has been taken so far to ensure their protection and to investigate these acts, so the perpetrators remain in impunity.

In the light of the above, I urge you to:

  • Take all appropriate measures to ensure that Pascoal Baptistiny and other MBAKITA activists are provided with adequate protection, in accordance to their wishes and in consultation with them, so that they can continue their work freely without fear of reprisals;
  • Carry out a prompt, thorough, independent and impartial investigation into the attacks, death threats and intimidation against Pascoal Baptistiny and other MBAKITA activists;
  • Ensure a safe and enabling environment for human rights defenders, allowing them to peacefully continue to carry out their human rights work.

Yours sincerely,

Appeals to

Minister Francisco Manuel Monteiro de Queiroz
Honourable Minister of Justice and Human Rights
Rua 17 de Setembro


Honourable Minister Francisco Manuel Monteiro de Queiroz,



Copies to

Ambassade de la République d'Angola
Thunstrasse 73
3006 Berne

Fax: 031 351 85 86
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