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Startseite Urgent Actions 2019 11 Thousands in need of urgent protection Communities in Bojayá, Chocó (western Colombia) threatened by armed group
FI 169/19-1
Abgeschlossen am 14. Februar 2020
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07.01.2020: Change in the deadline date

You will find a change in the deadline date, which is 14 February 2020 instead of 14 January.

Apologies for any inconvenience this may cause.

Communities in Bojayá, Chocó (western Colombia) threatened by armed group

AI-Index: AMR 23/1634/2020

Human Rights Defender Leyner Palacios has been vocal about the presence of these illegal armed groups in the territories of the communities of Bojayá. On December 31st, 2019, 300 members of the Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia placed four communities of Bojayá under forced confinement. On January 3rd, 2020, the AGC threatened Leyner Palacios and gave him two hours to leave the territory of Bojayá or they would kill him. We urge the Colombian government to take immediate action to guarantee his protection.


Leyner Palacios is a survivor of the Bojayá massacre perpetrated in 2002. Because of this, he has become an important social leader and was the promoter of the act of recognition of responsibility in which the FARC apologized to the communities of the municipality of Bojayá. For this work he has received several recognitions, the most recent being the «World Prize for Pluralism» of the World Centre for Pluralism of Canada.

Because of his work, he has received several threats from illegal armed groups. In June 2018, Palacios was in a workshop in the Puerto Conto community in the municipality of Bojayá when an unknown man with a suspicious attitude approached the community and asked a boy who Leyner Palacios was. Denied the information, the man left the community.

In Thursday, 18 July, 2018, Leyner Palacios received a phone call in which a man told him to «stop bothering with this tale of peace» and that if he didn't get out, they would kill him. Palacios denounced this fact on July 19, 2018 before the departmental police of Chocó, an entity that would be in charge of processing it before the Attorney General's Office. That same day he went to the Ombudsman's Office where he filled out a form to be sent to the UNP.

In Monday, 6 August, 2018, he again received a phone call in which a man told him «you are going to die».

On the other hand, the Indigenous and Afro-descendent communities of all Chocó State, especially those from Bojayá, had been facing serious human rights violations across the years of conflict in Colombia, including forced displacement, mass killings, among other human rights violations, occurred at the hands of guerrilla, paramilitary groups and the army.

In October 18, 2019, Amnesty International issued an Urgent Action as the Colombian Office of the Ombudsman raised an alert that the Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia (AGC) were still operating in Bojayá, placing at least 2,250 people from indigenous and afro-descendant communities under forced confinement and live-threatening risk.

In December 31, 2019, the Inter-Church Commission for Justice and Peace denounced that 300 members of the AGC arrived at the communities of Pogue, Corazón de Jesús, Loma de Bojayá and Cuia, in Bojayá, and placed them under forced confinement, threatening them to kill them if the denounced this. Some villagers who were able to escape from confinement denounced that the members of the AGC were making gifts to the children, trying to recruit them. Furthermore, in January 3rd, 2020, Leyner Palacios has been threatened to leave the community or he would be killed.

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