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Startseite Urgent Actions 2019 10 Human rights defender and blogger detained Defender kept in forced psychiatric detention
FI 139/19-1
Uzbekistan
Abgeschlossen am 7. Januar 2020
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07.01.2020: Good news!

We have the pleasure to share with you that Nafosat Olloshkurova was released from psychiatric detention at the end of December and was able to reunite with her family and children.

We are currently trying to gather additional details about this and will share an Outcome UA as soon as possible.

Thanks so much to all those who took action on her behalf and contributed to this positive result.

Defender kept in forced psychiatric detention

AI-Index: EUR 62/1566/2019

On 28 November a court decided to extend the detention of Uzbekistani blogger and human rights defender Nafosat Olloshkurova in a psychiatric hospital. Nafosat Olloshkurova was detained and beaten by police on 23 September while monitoring and reporting about a peaceful protest. She was placed in psychiatric detention on 26 September. There are serious concerns that she is being subjected to medical treatment without her consent and that her health has deteriorated while in detention. She must be immediately released.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Nafosat Olloshkurova is a human rights defender who has been raising awareness of human rights violations and expressed views critical of the authorities through her Facebook page, under the pen name of Shabnam Olloshkurova.

On 22 September, she joined a peaceful march from Khorezm to Tashkent and was detained by police the following day for taking part in an «unauthorized» demonstration. She had been covering the march on Facebook, posting interviews with the participants, police and local government officials who tried to stop the march. She was filming the police’s intervention when they detained and beat her.

Nafosat Olloshkurova was sentenced to 10 days' administrative detention in contravention of Article 29 of the Code on Administrative Responsibility that stipulates that mothers of children younger than three years old and single parents or guardians of children up to 14 years old cannot be placed in administrative detention. On 26 September, Nafosat Olloshkurova was forcibly placed in a psychiatric hospital in Urgench, western Uzbekistan, after a police officer claimed she had «attempted suicide». On 30 September, the administrative court of Urgench approved the Prosecutor Office’s request to transfer her to a psychiatric hospital for two months. On 28 November, the court decided to extend her detention in the psychiatric hospital by another month until 27 December. The court will then review this detention again. Nafosat Olloshkurova has only been given sporadic access to a lawyer of her choice, and her family have not been able to conduct private visits with her. Her brother and mother have been allowed to see her briefly on the ward, but always in the presence of police officers, medical staff, court or government officials.

Nafosat Olloshkurova is a single mother and her two young children are currently staying with her parents. Nafosat Olloshkurova’s family is gravely concerned about her physical, emotional and mental wellbeing.

The Uzbekistani authorities have in the past imposed forcible confinement in a psychiatric hospital on human rights defenders and journalists. Human rights defender Elena Urlaeva has been repeatedly detained over the last two decades by forced transfer to a psychiatric hospital to prevent her from conducting her monitoring activities. In January 2019, Nafosat Olloshkurova was detained by police while filming a peaceful protest by five women outside the Senate building in Tashkent. The women called for a meeting with President Mirziyoyev. She was charged with hooliganism and sentenced to five days’ administrative detention.

On 6 December, following their review of Uzbekistan’s fifth periodic report, the UN Committee against Torture noted in their Concluding Observations, that it had received allegations about «human rights defenders and journalists being involuntarily committed to psychiatric hospitals in order to prevent them from conducting their work, including Elena Urlayeva in March 2017 and Nafosat Olloshkurova in September 2019».

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