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Amnesty Urgent Actions
Startseite Urgent Actions 2019 07 Human rights defender at risk Human rights defender life in danger
FI 091/19-1
Colombia
Abgeschlossen am 23. September 2019
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13.08.2019: Correction

Please note that we have corrected this UA confirming the 6 July as the date of the latest security incident faced by Danelly Estupiñán.

We apologize for any inconvenience and thank you for your continued support.

Human rights defender life in danger

AI-Index: AMR 23/0874/2019

On 6 July unknown men broke into Danelly Estupiñan house violating its door security while she was not at home. Various human right organizations reported that unknown people made a payment to kill her. The Black Community Process and other organizations alerted the Prosecutor’s Office about the attack and the information about Danelly’s life been in danger requesting its immediate action. We are urging national authorities to swiftly and fully investigate all these security incidents to identify the attackers and stop them from further threatening Danelly’s physical and psychological integrity.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Danelly Estupiñan is part of the Black Community Process (PCN) in Colombia, an organization working to defend the rights of the afro-descendent population in the country. Since 2015, she has been beneficiary of National Protection Unit protection measures and during 2018 she formed part of the Basque temporary protection program for human rights defenders at risk. Danelly runs workshops about human rights and collective protections in different communities in Buenaventura, as well as implementing campaigning and advocacy actions to protect afro communities affected by the development of large infrastructure projects on their territory.

The situation for Human Rights Defenders in Colombia is critical. In January 2019, Frontline Defenders reported that Colombia was the most dangerous country in the Americas for Human Rights Defenders in 2018. According to the organization Somos Defensores (« We are Defenders»), there were 234 attacks against Human Rights Defenders between January and March 2019, of which 207 were threats and 25 were killings. The same organization reported that between 1 January 2016 and 31 July 2018, there were 336 killings and seven enforced disappearances of HRDs and social leaders.

In particular, between 24 November 2016 (date of the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Revolutionary Armed forces of Colombia and the government) and 31 July 2018, Somos Defensores reported 253 killings and four enforced disappearances. Data analysis provided by the organization SISMA Mujer showed that since 2016, there has been a marked increase in killings of women human rights defenders and female social leaders: 13.3% from January 2016 to July 2017, and 14.3% from January 2017 to July 2018. The groups of HRDs and WHRDs that are attacked most frequently are: community leaders, territory defenders (mostly indigenous and afro-descendant), and land claimant leaders. At the same time, threats against defenders continue and little progress is made on related criminal investigations. Violence against HRDs and social leaders continues to be one of the biggest challenges to the effective implementation of the Peace Agreement.

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