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Startseite Urgent Actions 2019 06 Detained critics must be released
UA 090/19
Somaliland (Somalia)
Aktiv seit 27. Juni 2019 | Noch 21 Tage Laufzeit

Detained critics must be released

AI-Index: AFR 52/0615/2019

Between 17 April and 1 May, Somaliland authorities arbitrarily arrested and detained journalist Abdimalik Muse Oldon, opposition youth leader Mohamed Sidiiq Dhame, and Jamal Abdi Muhumed, an employee of the Ministry of the Interior. The three were arbitrarily arrested for posting on social media comments perceived as critical of the Somaliland government and public officials.


There has been an increase in harassment and intimidation of government critics and clampdowns on peaceful dissent in Somaliland since the current government took office in December 2017. The authorities have targeted poets and journalists, as well as anyone perceived to be in disagreement with key state policies, or critical of public officials.

Somaliland’s 2001 Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of expression and freedom of the press but the 1964 penal code includes a number of vaguely defined and , very broad criminal offences, including «offending the honour and prestige of the head of state, insulting a public officer or institution, or contempt against the nation, state or flag», which are punishable by up to three years' imprisonment.


Take action

  • Write an appeal in your own words or use the model letter below.
  • Please take action before 8 August 2019.
  • Preferred language: English, Somali. You can also write in your own language.


Suggested tweet message

Below you find a suggested tweet message.

#Somaliland authorities must immediately & unconditionally release Abdimalik Oldon, Jamal Abdi & Mohamed Dhame, detained solely for free expression & opinion disagreeing with govt policies & criticism of public officials. #FreeExpression

Model letter

Dear Attorney General,

I am writing to you regarding the cases of Abdimalik Muse Oldon, Jamal Abdi Muhumed and Mohamed Sidiiq Dhame, who are currently detained by the Somaliland authorities solely for exercising their right to freedom of expression. The three expressed views on social media perceived to be critical of the Somaliland government.

Journalist Abdimalik Muse Oldon was arrested by Somaliland police on 17 April from his hometown of Burao for criticizing the president of Somaliland on his Facebook page, and transferred to Hargeisa. He was formally charged on 6 June with spreading anti-national propaganda and disseminating false news against Abaarso School. Abdimalik is currently detained at the Hargeisa Central Prison.

Jamal Abdi Muhumed, an employee of the Ministry of Interior, was arrested at his office in Hargeisa on 24 April over his Facebook posts criticizing the effectiveness of police services in Somaliland. He was charged on 19 June for insulting the police and insulting a public officer. Jamal is currently held at the Hargeisa Central police station.

Mohamed Sidiiq Dhame, the leader of the opposition Waddani party’s youth wing, was arrested on 1 May at his home in Hargeisa. Mohamed was arrested over a Facebook post in which he criticized the state of emergency imposed on three districts in the Sanaag region. He was formally charged on 8 June with offending the honour and prestige of the president, and incitement to violence. On 27 June, the Hargeisa regional court found him guilty of offending the honour of the president and sentenced him to six months in prison. Mohamed is currently detained at the Hargeisa Central Prison.

The arrest of the three individuals is arbitrary, as it was carried out without a warrant, hence violating Article 25(2) of the Somaliland Constitution, which states that the police must attain a warrant from a judge before arresting and detaining any individual.

I am calling on you to ensure the immediate and unconditional release of Abdimalik Muse Oldon, Jamal Abdi Muhumed and Mohamed Sidiiq Dhame, as they are being detained solely for exercising their right to freedom of expression. I also urge the government to fully respect, protect, promote and fulfil the rights to freedom of expression and personal liberty of everyone in Somaliland.

Yours sincerely,

Appeals to

Please send emails – Switzerland has no postal service to Somaliland.

Attorney General
Hassan Ahmed Aden


Salutation: Dear Attorney General,



Copies to

Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Somalia
S. E. Herrn Mohamud Mohamed Tifow
Potsdamer Strasse 144
D-10783 Berlin

Fax: 030 23 63 00 11
E-Mail: ;


Somaliland Mission UK
234-236 Whitechapel Road
London E1 1BJ
Great Britain






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