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Startseite Urgent Actions 2018 11 Nine umbrella movement leaders to stand trial
UA 191/18
Hong Kong / China
Abgeschlossen am 19. Dezember 2018
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6.12.2018 Latest News

The trial of nine Umbrella Movement leaders started on 19 November ...

... with the prosecutor presenting the evidence, including the footage of the public speech delivered by the defendants. The District Court ruled that the evidence is sufficient to prove the commission of the offence by the defendants, if they are not able to successfully discredit it (prima facie).
The defendants began their defence on 28 November. The testimony of one of the co-founders of «Occupy Central» campaign, sociologist Professor Chan Kin-man, explained the principles of non-violent civil disobedience to the court. He further went on to say that the plan of the «Occupy Central» was to peacefully sit on the main roads of Central, Hong Kong and wait for arrest. The co-founders didn’t expect the «Occupy Central» campaign to last long, unless the government decided to delay their response intentionally.
The defendants’ lawyers also shared footage to prove that, when the police deployed the tear gas, the protestors were not attacking the police barricade. The video showed that the protestors were at the time just standing and raising their hands. The defendants will continue to present their case and we expect the trial to last until mid-December.

Therefore, it is absolutely critical to maintain global pressure during this period.



16.11.2018 News

For further information see a press release and a briefing.

Nine umbrella movement leaders to stand trial

AI-Index: ASA 17/9372/2018

Nine leaders of the 2014 Hong Kong pro-democracy protests are being charged with three vague and ambiguous offences, each facing a maximum penalty of seven years’ imprisonment. The continued prosecution of prominent figures of the Umbrella Movement is having a chilling effect on freedom of peaceful assembly and expression.

On 19 November 2018, nine leaders of the 2014 Hong Kong pro-democracy movement will stand trial, which is expected to last for 20 days. Three of the protesters facing charges are the co-founders of the «Occupy Central» campaign («the Trio»): legal scholar Professor Benny Tai Yiu-ting, sociologist Professor Chan Kin-man and retired pastor Reverend Chu Yiu-ming. The other six being prosecuted are student leaders Tommy Cheung Sau-yin and Eason Chung Yiu-wah, lawmakers Tanya Chan and Shiu Ka-chun, and political leaders Raphael Wong Ho-ming and Lee Wing-tat. This is the latest prosecution of Umbrella Movement protesters, following the imprisonment of three student leaders in 2017.

The prosecution of the Trio relates to the planning and implementation of the Occupy Central campaign, including a civil disobedience action to block roads in the Central District of Hong Kong. The campaign was to advocate for the democratic election of the city’s head of government. It became part of the large-scale pro-democracy Umbrella Movement protests, which were carried out in an overwhelmingly peaceful manner over 79 days between September and December 2014.

The nine protesters face charges related to «public nuisance», including «conspiracy to commit public nuisance», «incitement to commit public nuisance» and «incitement to incite public nuisance». This is based on their peaceful participation in the Umbrella Movement: namely, directing protesters to different streets outside the government headquarters and urging others, through loudspeakers, phone calls and text messages, to join the protests.

The impact of a potential conviction of the nine is significant, as the government could then refer to the court judgement to further prosecute other Umbrella Movement protesters.


The Hong Kong government has arrested and prosecuted many peaceful protesters since the Umbrella Movement, usually on vague charges related to «unlawful assembly», «unauthorized assembly» and «public disorder». These charges are based on the Public Order Ordinance, the provisions and application of which have been repeatedly criticized by the UN Human Rights Committee for failing to fully meet international human rights law and standards on the right of peaceful assembly.
By the end of the protests, the government had arrested 955 people who had taken part in the Umbrella Movement protests over the course of the 79 days and another 48 after the protests had ended. Many were soon released, but police notified them that criminal investigations were still ongoing and that they would be re-arrested and charged should there be sufficient evidence to prosecute them. A pattern of long intervals between initial arrests and the decision to prosecute has meant that only a small proportion of the protesters who were arrested have faced trial.
In July 2016, three student leaders were convicted after climbing into «Civic Square» during the protest of 26 September 2014. Joshua Wong and Alex Chow were found guilty of «taking part in an unlawful assembly» and Nathan Law of «inciting others to take part in an unlawful assembly». The court originally ordered non-custodial sentences against them, but prosecutors appealed to seek harsher penalties. In August 2017, the three student leaders were handed jail terms of six to eight months and were imprisoned before being released on bail in October and November 2017 pending an appeal. On February 2018, the Court of Final Appeal overturned the jail sentences.
By continuing to prosecute prominent figures of the Umbrella Movement protests after undue delays, hundreds of other protesters are left uncertain if the government is planning to pursue charges against them as well. This uncertainty, together with the use of vague and ambiguous charges and harsh sentences, is having a chilling effect on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and expression in Hong Kong.

Name/Gender (m/f): Benny Tai Yiu-ting (m), Chan Kin-man (m), Chu Yiu-ming (m), Tommy Cheung Sau-yin (m), Eason Chung Yiu-wah (m), Tanya Chan (f), Shiu Ka-chun (m), Raphael Wong Ho-ming (m) and Lee Wing-tat (m).

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